COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN THE ANALYSIS OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT AS A DEMOCRATIC MECHANISM TO INSURE SOCIAL-ENVIRONMENTAL RIGHTS

Romeu Thomé, José Cláudio Junqueira Ribeiro

Resumo


This paper aims at analyzing popular participation mechanisms in environmental impact assessment as a result of the application of the democratic principle to the environmental field. It is found that, in Brazil, despite being already covered by the environmental standards in force, popular participation is limited to specific times of the environmental permitting procedure, weakening its role of supporting decision-making by the Government and making it difficult to adopt socially and environmentally fair measures. One of the assumptions of a Democratic and Environmental Rule of Law is that citizens have the right (and duty) to actively participate in decision making that may affect environmental balance. The research used, in addition to the legal-comparative method, the legal and propositional one in order to suggest the necessary improvements and the expansion of the participation instruments in the environmental assessment evaluation procedures in the Brazilian legal system through the analysis of foreign environmental standards.

Palavras-chave


Democratic principle; Environment; Participation; Environmental impact assessment

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18623/rvd.v13i25.682


 
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